Santa Fe, a town of small boutiques, is the place to hunt for the concho belt you've always wanted.
The Plaza is the most historic area in the city, the place where Santa Fe was founded, and you'll probably see more than enough here to eat and buy. Most tourist activities take place in the Plaza, a long portal in front of the Governor's Palace, with a variety of shops and restaurants.
Santa Fe Plaza was not only one of the most popular tourist attractions in New Mexico, but also a commercial corridor that connected the city with the Missouri River before the arrival of the railroad in the 1880s. Soon it would become a popular destination for travelers who want to travel in and out of this city and move further west. The square became so popular that the city guides considered tourism as their ticket to a future, even though the new railway made it obsolete.
After Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, its subsequent rule over New Mexico further increased trade. In 1839, Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ceded New Mexico and California to the United States. Two years later, in 1848, it signed another treaty, the Treaty of Santa Fe, Cesar Chavez, which ceded New York City, San Francisco and San Juan County, New Jersey, as well as parts of the Rio Grande Valley and the San Miguel River Valley, to them. On July 1, 1851, in the midst of the Civil War with the US government, they signed a treaty with Spain, the "Treaty of Guerra del Norte," which was to cede all of New Mexico (California) and Texas (New Hampshire, Colorado, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Montana, Texas, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Kentucky, Ohio, Illinois, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, Louisiana, Alabama, Florida, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, West Virginia and South Carolina.
The tide turned at 12, when General Don Diego de Vargas returned to El Paso with a new army and retook Santa Fe.
The force, known as the Santa Fe Expedition, was ill-prepared and easily pushed back by the Mexican army. After Vargas' defeat of the peoples, he brought in an army of conquistadors, clergy and settlers to extend from Mexico City to SantaFe.
The city quickly became one of the most important cities in New Mexico, and over the course of six decades the Santa Fe Trail was cemented. When Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821, it remained Spain's provincial seat until it became the seat of government of the territory of Mexico in the United States of America (now the state of New York). In 1840, after the signing of a treaty between Mexico and the US government, SantaFe became the capital of the state and until 1846 the capital of the state. Santa Fe was once again the capital of the state, after it was ceded to the United States in 1848 as a "territory" or "New Mexico."
In 1609 Don Pedro de Peralta succeeded Onate and moved the capital for a year to the present city - today's Santa Fe.
When the new governor took office, a new highway connected Route 66 between Santa Rosa and Albuquerque, bypassing the capital and its many businesses. As the route progressed through New Mexico, the civil engineers decided it would be more convenient to drive west to Santa Fe and then east to Albuquerque.
In 1837, the peasants of northern New Mexico rebelled briefly against Mexican rule, occupying Santa Fe and killing the provincial governor in the so-called Chimayo Rebellion. In 1842, Brigadier Henry Sibley occupied the city under the Confederate flag as part of his campaign against the U.S. government in the Civil War. A village north of SantaFe, named after Santa Rosa, a village on the eastern edge of the Santa Cruz Mountains, is called Chicharita, after the village of Chihuahua, Mexico's second largest city. During the Mexican War of 1836-37, northern New Mexico peasants rebelled against Mexican rule, occupying the capital and killing the provincial governor, demanding an end to the war and a return to more peaceful relations with the United States.
When Mexico gained its independence from Spain, Santa Fe became the capital of the province of New Mexico. It is the fourth largest city in the state and the seat of the Santafe County with a population of about 2.5 million inhabitants and an area of 3.2 million square kilometers. The original Santa Fe soon became home to the University of California, San Diego, one of the most prestigious universities in Mexico, as well as the headquarters of the National Academy of Sciences.
In 1824, New Mexico became the 47th state of the United States, as formalized in the 182424 Mexican Constitution. Santa Fe is the highest and oldest capital of the USA and was founded between 1607 and 1610. It is located on the western edge of San Diego County, about 30 miles west of Los Angeles. Today, of course, it is part of the American landscape, but not the only one of its kind, nor even the largest.